Rowing is the act of propelling a boat using the motion of oars in the water by displacing water to propel the boat forward. Rowing and paddling are similar. However, rowing requires oars to have a mechanical connection with the boat, while paddles (used for paddling) are hand-held and have no mechanical connection.
The sport can be either recreational for enjoyment or fitness, or competitive, when athletes race against each other in boats.
There are mainly two types of rowing - i) Sculling ii) Sweep rowing. In sculling, every rower has two oars while in sweep rowing, every rower has only one oar.
Rowing races are mainly of 1000m and 2000m.
Kayaking is the use of a kayak for moving across water. It is distinguished from canoeing by the sitting position of the paddler and the number of blades on the paddle. A kayak is a low-to-the-water, canoe-like boat in which the paddler sits facing forward, legs in front, using a double-bladed paddle to pull front-to-back on one side and then the other in rotation.
In competition the number of paddlers within a boat is indicated by a figure besides the type of boat; K1 signifies an individual kayak race, K2 pairs, and K4 four-person crews. Kayak races are held in many competitions where crews/individuals race over 200m, 500m or 1000m.
Kayaking and Canoeing Secretary
Canoeing is an activity which involves paddling a canoe with a single-bladed paddle. In sprint canoeing, the paddler is in a standing position (lunge position). Hence, this sport tests the stability as well as power of the athlete. Just like in Kayaking, canoeing boats are also of 3 types - C1, C2, C4 where the figures 1, 2, 4 indicate the number of paddlers in a single boat.
In various competitions, canoeing races are also of 200m, 500m or 1000m.